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怎样发现和预防乳腺癌

来源:  2014-07-03   点击量:13784 

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        平时女性要放松精神,思想不要过度紧张,不要给自己过大的压力;其次避免不必要的胸部x线照射,避免高龄婚育,尽量哺乳喂养,更年期尽量不用雌激素。忌生气恼怒,注意心理卫生。要节制脂肪及动物蛋白等高能量饮食的摄入,控制体重忌烟酒,可常食白菜、海鱼、新鲜蔬菜水果、菌类及豆类食品。减少酒量和戒酒。如发现胸部、乳房、腋窝或锁骨上下的包块要及时到医院检查。有乳腺癌家族史的妇女,除了坚持自我查体,还应定期到医院进行较全面的检查。女性朋友要坚持体育锻炼,增强机体免疫力,要慎用含有雌激素的美容化妆品和药品。要做到早期发现,早期治疗。
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